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    Snd Sem : Civilization!

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    laflouf86

    Number of posts : 248
    Age : 32
    Registration date : 2007-02-11

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    Snd Sem : Civilization!

    Post by laflouf86 on Tue Feb 26, 2008 1:18 pm

    Branches of the U.S. Government
    Separation of powers under Articles I, II, and III
    LEGISLATIVE
    makes laws
    EXECUTIVE
    carries out laws
    JUDICIAL
    explains laws

    CONGRESS
    must meet at least one time each year Senate
    --100 senators
    --2 senators from each state
    --term: 6 years
    Qualifications
    --at least 30 years old
    --citizen for 9 years
    Presiding officer
    --the Vice president, or
    --an elected President pro tempore



    House of Representatives
    --
    435 representatives
    --435 representatives are divided among the 50 states. States with larger population get more representatives.
    --term: 2 years


    Qualifications
    --at least 25 years old
    --citizen for 7 years Presiding officer
    Speaker of the House
    President and
    Vice president


    --elected by the Electoral College who are elected by the people at the November general election
    --a person can be elected president only two times
    --term: 4 years Qualifications
    --
    at least 35 years old
    --a native-born citizen
    --lived n the U.S. for 14 years before the election



    Cabinet
    --14 cabinet departments
    --14 cabinet officers
    --appointed by the President but must be approved by the Senate
    --term: determined by President. Serve as long as the President wants them
    --meet whenever the President wants
    Supreme Court -- 9 justices
    --serve for life unless impeached
    --appointed by the President but must be approved by the Senate



    Circuit Court of Appeals
    12 courts throughout the U.S.


    --serve for life unless impeached
    --appointed by the President but must be approved by the Senate
    District Courts
    91 trial courts throughout the U.S.
    --serve for life unless impeached
    --appointed by the President but must be approved by the Senate
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    laflouf86

    Number of posts : 248
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    The American Gov.!

    Post by laflouf86 on Tue Feb 26, 2008 1:51 pm

    The American Government




    Government is an authority that acts on behalf of a group of people. It is needed for many reasons. A government protects and makes decisions for the country. It regulates things to make sure it is a good place to live. Governments differ between countries in the way rulers are chosen and in the amount of power held by the people.


    Government makes it possible for large groups of people to live and work together. The government performs many services such as the armed services (protection), transportation services (roads, highways), education and the money system. Also rules and laws for the people are set by the government.

    The Constitution of the United States is a written document that is the supreme law of the United States. It became effective in 1789. The Constitution of the United States is a document that explains the way the country is to be ruled. The six goals stated in the preamble are (1) To form a more perfect union, (2) to establish justice (3) to insure domestic tranquillity (4) to promote general welfare (5) provide for the common defense (6) secure the blessings of our liberty. There are 27 amendments to the constitution.

    There are three separate branches of American government. There are the legislative, executive and judicial branches. Each branch has its own powers of authority. The legislative branch makes the laws, the executive branch carries out the laws and the judicial branch interprets laws and punishes law breakers. They are set up to make sure that each branch has equal powers and one branch does not become too powerful. The name for this is called checks and balances. This is what makes the American government unique.

    The Legislative Branch is made up of the Congress. There are two houses of Congress. The House of Representatives and the Senate. Below is a table that outlines important facts and compares the House of Representatives with the Senate. Senators and Representatives are elected by the people.




    House of RepresentativesSenate
    Number of Members435100
    Number of members per statebased on the population2
    Length of Term6 years2 years
    When elected entire house every2 years 1/3 of elected every 2 years.
    Required Age25 years old30 years old
    Citizenship 7 years9 years
    Legal ResidenceResident of state elected fromResident of state elected from
    Salary $125, 100 a yr. Plus expenses$101,900 plus expenses


    The number of the 1998 Congress is the 105th Congress. The party with the most members is called the majority party. The party with the fewest members is called the minority part. The presiding officer of the House of Representatives is the Speaker of the House. The floor leader guides the partys proposed laws through Congress. The party whip tries to convince members to vote for party-sponsored legislation. The presiding officer of the Senate is the Vice President of the United States. A proposed law is called a bill. Most of the work of Congress in done in committees.
    The Executive Branch of government is headed by the President of the United States. The following chart compares the President to the Vice President. The President and Vice President are elected together by the people.



    PresidentVice President
    Qualifications native born American citizennative born American citizen
    35 years of age35 years of age
    been a resident for last 14 yearsbeen a resident for last 14 years
    Length of Term of Office4 years4 years
    Consecutive terms2 full terms2 full terms
    Salary$200,000 plus expenses$160,600 plus expenses

    The Cabinet is composed of leaders of executive departments who also act as advisors to the Chief Executive or President. They are appointed by the President of the United States. There are fourteen executive departments as shown below:


    Department of StateDepartment of Treasury
    Department of JusticeDepartment of Interior
    Department of AgricultureDepartment of Commerce
    Department of Labor Department of Defense
    Department of Health and Human ServicesDepartment of Housing and Urban Development
    Department of EnergyDepartment of Education
    Department of Veterans AffairsDepartment of Transportation

    Other independent agencies that help the president carry out his duties include Interstate Commerce Commission, the Federal Communications Commission, and the Federal Reserve System.
    The Judicial Branch of government interprets laws and is made up of the federal court system. This system includes the Supreme Court of the United States.
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    laflouf86

    Number of posts : 248
    Age : 32
    Registration date : 2007-02-11

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    The federal Gov.!

    Post by laflouf86 on Tue Feb 26, 2008 3:22 pm

    All about what concern the federal gov. here in this link:
    Arrow http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Federal_government_of_the_United_States#Legislative_branch

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