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    U.S Mass Media... 2nd part

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    Rahma Sboui Gueddah

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    U.S Mass Media... 2nd part

    Post by Rahma Sboui Gueddah on Sun Dec 10, 2006 11:57 pm

    Criticisms:
    The FCC has been criticised on many fronts, both for being too restrictive and too permissive in its regulation.
    On the issue of broadcast indecency, the FCC has taken heat from right wing conservatives and family-oriented groups for not sufficiently censoring and restricting sexually explicit and violent material to which the groups believe children should not be exposed (a Family Viewing Hour was instituted in the 1970s and then discontinued).
    In the actions taken against broadcasters, the FCC is frequently criticized for violating the First Amendment guarantee of Freedom of Speech, both directly by censorship and enforcement action sometimes alleged to be politically motivated, and indirectly by the general intimidation that FCC action allegedly creates, particularly with the U.S. Congress considering multiplying fines exponentially.

    Organization
    The FCC is directed by five Commissioners appointed by the President and confirmed by the Senate for five-year terms, except when filling an unexpired term. The President designates one of the Commissioners to serve as Chairman. Only three Commissioners may be members of the same political party. None of them can have a financial interest in any Commission-related business.
    As the chief executive officer of the Commission, the Chairman delegates management and administrative responsibility to the Managing Director. The Commissioners supervise all FCC activities, delegating responsibilities to staff units and Bureaus. The current FCC Chairman is Kevin Martin, who replaced Michael Powell. The other current Commissioners are Deborah Taylor Tate, Michael Copps Jonathan Adelstein, and Robert M. McDowell.

    The FCC considered requiring all broadcasters to retain copies of all broadcasts for up to three months (FCC MB Docket 04-232). One critique of this proposal is that this action would wipe out smaller broadcasters because of the enormous expense of having to purchase new equipment with the necessary features for content storage and the need for facilities to store content.
    Low-power broadcasting has also been a source of contention, as the FCC has set the power limits very low, while allegedly making it nearly impossible for anyone except large corporations or large nonprofit organizations to obtain a license. Although Stephen Dunifer won a case versus the FCC, but few others have successfully argued against the Commission.
    Note that cable outlets, such as Cartoon Network's Adult Swim, are not governed by the FCC and generally do much less editing. How much is usually determined by their standards and practices department.
    Another critique is that the Commission has historically been dominated by lawyers, often from the telecommunications industry, due to the FCC's direct effects on commerce and public policy. This is in stark contrast to other technically-focused government agencies, such as the Nuclear Regulatory Commission, which is often populated by engineers and physicists.
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    David Nevard

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    Re: U.S Mass Media... 2nd part

    Post by David Nevard on Wed Dec 13, 2006 1:46 am

    very good research.
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    David Nevard

    Number of posts : 68
    Age : 35
    Localisation : Las Vegas, US
    Registration date : 2006-11-29

    Re: U.S Mass Media... 2nd part

    Post by David Nevard on Wed Dec 13, 2006 2:11 am

    Your article was very good.

    Perhaps to add to your article I would show the different organizations and sub-departments that work with or for the FCC. It is commonly misunderstood that when it is said "The FCC did this..." or "The FCC did that..." it is not always the FCC doing this directly but more appropriately said "this department of the FCC" or "this advisory committee to the FCC"

    Consumer & Government Affairs Burea or the CGB:
    This agency acts as a buffer between the FCC and the lower levels of government and the public. They help develop and implement the "Consumer Policies" which is basically the guidelines which must be followed to protect the consumer, and they also take feedback from the public and use this to help design there new policies

    the Enforcement Bureau or the EB:
    The CGA makes the rules but this is actually the agency that goes out and makes sure everyone is in compliance. They enforce everything from the "Consumer Policies," to public safety, to local competition (making sure no company is achieving a monopoly)

    International Bureau or the IB:
    This division is responsible for making sure that manufacturers are coming to a common compliance for all parts of the world, example in America a wireless network card must broadcast between a certain range but in Europe it is different, or in America there is a certain format a DVD must be in to be played on an American DVD player but it is different in Japan.

    Media Bureau or MB:
    This is the one that is most commonly referred to when you hear the FCC. This is the division responsible for what you can and cannot say on TV. This branch actually designs most of the procedures that are implemented in our television broadcasting.

    Wireless Telecommunications Bureau or WTB:
    This would be the second most common occurrence of when you hear FCC. This is the division in charge of all wireless broadcasts ranging from cellular to AM/FM/XM radio. They not only ensure that companies are broadcasting within their proper range but they also monitor what can or cannot be said on radio airwaves.

    There are many other departments of the FCC, but these are the big ones.
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    Rahma Sboui Gueddah

    Number of posts : 270
    Age : 32
    Localisation : kairouan,Tunisia
    Registration date : 2006-12-09

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    Thank u...

    Post by Rahma Sboui Gueddah on Wed Dec 13, 2006 9:35 pm

    Smile Very Happy Laughing
    I thank u very much for your reply and for the new addition in the research.lol! Have a nice day afro

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