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    Grammar : sentences types

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    charradi myriam

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    Grammar : sentences types

    Post by charradi myriam on Wed Oct 24, 2007 7:44 pm

    Experienced writers use a variety of sentences to make their writing interesting and lively. Too many simple sentences, for example, will sound choppy and immature while too many long sentences will be difficult to read and hard to understand.
    This page contains definitions of simple, compound, and complex sentences with many simple examples. The purpose of these examples is to help the learner to identify sentence basics including identification of sentences in the short quizzes that follow. After that, it will be possible to analyze more complex sentences varieties.

    Simple sentences
    A simple sentence, also called an independent clause, contains a subject and a verb, and it expresses a complete thought. In the following simple sentences, subjects are in blue , and verbs are in purple.

    A- Some students like to tudy in the mornings.
    B- Juan and Arturo play football every afternoon.
    C- Alicia goe to the library and study everyday.

    The three examples above are all simple sentences.
    Note that sentence B contains a compound subject, and sentence C contains a compound verb. Simple sentences, therefore, contain a subject and verb and express a complete thought, but they can also contain a compound subjects or verbs.

    COMPOUND SENTENCE
    A compound sentence contains two independent clauses joined by a coordinator. The coordinators are as follows: for, and, nor, but, or, yet, so. (Helpful hint: The first letter of each of the coordinators spells FANBOYS.) Except for very short sentences, coordinators are always preceded by a comma. In the following compound sentences, subjects are in blue, verbs are in purple, and the coordinators and the commas that precede them
    are in
    red.

    A- I tried to speak Spanish, and my friend tried to speak English.
    B- Alejandro played football, so Maria went shopping.
    C- Alijandro played football, for Maria went shopping.


    The above three sentences are compound sentences.
    Each sentence contains two independent clauses, and they are joined by a
    coordinator with a comma preceding it. Note how the conscious use of
    coordinators can change the relationship between the clauses. Sentences B and C, for example, are identical except for the coordinators. In sentence B, which action occurred first? Obviously, "Alejandro played football" first, and as a consequence, "Maria went shopping. In sentence C, "Maria went shopping" first.
    In sentence C, "Alejandro played football" because, possibly, he didn't have
    anything else to do, for or because "Maria went shopping." How can the use of other coordinators change the relationship between the two
    clauses? What implications would the use of "yet" or "but" have on the meaning of the sentence?

    COMPLEX SENTENCE
    A complex sentence has an independent clause joined by one or more dependent clauses. A complex sentence always has a subordinator such as because, since, after, although, or when or a relative pronoun such as that, who, or which. In the following complex sentences, subjects are in blue, verbs are in purple, and the subordinators and their commas (when required) are in red.

    A- When he handed his homework, he forgot to give the teacher the last paper.
    B- The teacher returned the homework after she noticed the error.
    C- The students are studying because they have a test tomorrow.
    D- After they finished studying, Juan and Maria went to the movies.
    E-Juan and Maria went to the movies after they finished studying.

    When a complex sentence begins with a subordinator such as sentences A and D, a comma is required at the end of the dependent clause. When the independent clause begins the sentence with subordinators in the middle as in sentences B, C, and E, no comma is required. If a comma is placed before the subordinators in sentences B, C, and E, it is wrong.
    Note that sentences D and E are the same except sentence D begins with the dependent clause which is followed by a comma, and sentence E begins with the independent clause which contains no comma. The comma after the dependent clause in sentence D is required, and experienced listeners of English will often hear a slight pause there. In sentence E, however, there will be no pause when the independent clause begins the sentence.

    CONCLUSION
    Are you sure you now know the differences between simple, compound, and complex sentences? ClickQUICK QUIZ to find out. This quiz is just six sentences. The key is to look for the subjects and verbs first.

      Current date/time is Thu Sep 21, 2017 9:49 am